Stiff knee is an extension contracture of the knee resulting from different causes, but usually occurring from trauma. The patient is unable to bend the knee to functional level. Trauma will cause adhesions inside the knee, fibrosis, and shortening of the knee ligaments. There will also be adhesions and shortening of the quadriceps muscles.
Treatment of stiff knee typically starts with therapy. The first surgical option for Stiff Knee includes an arthroscopy and release of the adhesions. The second surgical options includes a quadricepsplasty (Thompson or Judet) or a combination of treatments.
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